Forty Million Dollar Slaves: The Rise, Fall, and Redemption of the Black Athlete
From Jackie Robinson to Muhammad Ali and Arthur Ashe, African American athletes have been at the center of modern culture, their on-the-field heroics admired and stratospheric earnings envied. But for all their money, fame, and achievement, says New York Times columnist William C. Rhoden, black athletes still find themselves on the periphery of true power in the multibillion-dollar industry their talent built.
Provocative and controversial, Rhoden‚Äôs $40 Million Slaves weaves a compelling narrative of black athletes in the United States, from the plantation to their beginnings in nineteenth-century boxing rings to the history-making accomplishments of notable figures such as Jesse Owens, Althea Gibson, and Willie Mays. Rhoden reveals that black athletes‚Äô ‚Äúevolution‚Äù has merely been a journey from literal plantations‚Äîwhere sports were introduced as diversions to quell revolutionary stirrings‚Äîto today‚Äôs figurative ones, in the form of collegiate and professional sports programs.